Negocios

New WCS Special Report Shows Links between Degradation of Ecological Integrity and Emerging Infectious Diseases

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”> <span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>Report provides solutions and steps forward in conserving ecological integrity and preventing further disease outbreaks

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”> <span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>Report provides solutions and steps forward in conserving ecological integrity and preventing further disease outbreaks

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”> 

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://newsroom.wcs.org/News-Releases/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/14247/New-WCS-Special-Report-Shows-Links-between-Degradation-of-Ecological-Integrity-and-Emerging-Infectious-Diseases.aspx&source=gmail&ust=1590511258033000&usg=AFQjCNGgKqbKy7_JaGEWpk4Mzjg0x8bb-Q” href=”https://newsroom.wcs.org/News-Releases/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/14247/New-WCS-Special-Report-Shows-Links-between-Degradation-of-Ecological-Integrity-and-Emerging-Infectious-Diseases.aspx” style=”color:#1155cc” target=”_blank”>Shareable WCS Newsroom Story

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://twitter.com/WCSNewsroom/status/1263912108636409863&source=gmail&ust=1590511258033000&usg=AFQjCNGNbk4uJhGOVHNdP59L8PEElHB1CA” href=”https://twitter.com/WCSNewsroom/status/1263912108636409863″ style=”color:#1155cc” target=”_blank”>Retweet from @WCSnewsroom

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>Share on Instagram

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.facebook.com/TheWCS/photos/a.157440564269466/3452666504746839/?type%3D3%26theater&source=gmail&ust=1590511258033000&usg=AFQjCNEMlihKUBaA_55kFInaY0ISCa-tOQ”>© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com href="https://www.facebook.com/TheWCS/photos/a.157440564269466/3452666504746839/?type=3&theater" style="color:#1155cc" target="_blank">Share on Facebook

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>Share on LinkedIn

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”> 

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>NEW YORK (May 22, 2020) – A WCS special report shows how degradation of ecological systems has significantly increased the overall risk of zoonotic disease outbreaks and has other complex effects on human health.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>You can read the full report here.

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>The authors are WCS’s Tom Evans, Sarah Olson, James Watson, Kim Gruetzmacher, Mathieu Pruvot, Stacy Jupiter, Stephanie Wang, Tom Clements, and Katie Jung.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>The report, which draws on detailed case studies, global analyses, modelling, and broad expert consensus, notes that the majority of emerging infectious disease threats are zoonotic, originate from wildlife, and often cause major social and economic impacts. Ecological degradation increases the overall risk of zoonotic disease outbreaks originating from wildlife.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>The authors say the key “ingredients” that accentuate the risk of emerging infectious disease spillovers include land conversion, creation of new habitat edges, wildlife trade and consumption, and agricultural intensification especially when they are in, or linked to, areas of high biodiversity that elevate contact rates between humans and certain wildlife species.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>This relationship has been shown for multiple individual diseases, in regional and global multi-disease studies, and in theoretical models, although the proportion of cases of degradation that lead to substantially increased risk is not well understood.

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>Degradation of ecosystems has additional complex effects, feedback loops and some notable negative impacts on many other aspects of human health, including: the prevalence of endemic zoonotic diseases; the prevalence of vector-borne and water-borne diseases; air quality; nutrition; mental health; and access to traditional medicines; as well as effects on human health through the impacts of climate change. These all in turn can contribute to local and transnational conflicts over natural resources and undermine local and international security.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>The authors say that keeping ecosystems as intact as possible and avoiding the creation of high-risk-interface zones and high-risk activities that increase human wildlife contact, will help to reduce the risk to humanity from emerging zoonoses. Broader One Health approaches that address the full range of risk factors and are integrated into public health policies can have other beneficial health outcomes as well.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>“Avoiding degradation, and keeping ecosystems intact should be prioritized to avoid future outbreaks,” says Tom Evans, co-author of the report and Forests and Climate Change Lead for WCS. “In addition to lowering disease spillover risk, preserving ecological integrity safeguards biodiversity and provides climate mitigation and adaptation benefits, food security, and protection of livelihoods for Indigenous Peoples.”

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>The report says that protecting ecological integrity should be a priority action within any comprehensive plan to avoid future zoonotic outbreaks, through actions such as spatial planning, the creation and management of effective protected areas, support to ecosystem management by Indigenous Peoples and local communities, and policies to minimize threats caused by particular economic sectors.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>Other critical measures in addition to protecting ecological integrity include closing commercial wildlife markets and commercial wildlife trade for human consumption, especially of birds and mammals; building disease surveillance and response systems; providing global access to health care; and mitigating disease risks associated with domestic animals.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>In addition to lowering disease spillover risk, avoiding environmental degradation has many related benefits, including: climate change mitigation; climate change adaptation and

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>environmental resilience; maintenance of watersheds and rainfall patterns; biodiversity conservation; enhancing food security, protection of the homelands, livelihoods and cultures of Indigenous Peoples and local communities; and conflict mitigation, stabilization and security.

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”> 

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”> 

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”>###

<span style="font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif”> 

<span style="font-family:"Times New Roman&quot;, serif”>WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society)

<span style="font-family:"Times New Roman&quot;, serif”>MISSION: WCS saves wildlife and wild places worldwide through science, conservation action, education, and inspiring people to value nature. To achieve our mission, WCS, based at the Bronx Zoo, harnesses the power of its Global Conservation Program in nearly 60 nations and in all the world’s oceans and its five wildlife parks in New York City, visited by 4 million people annually. WCS combines its expertise in the field, zoos, and aquarium to achieve its conservation mission. Visit: newsroom.wcs.org Follow: @WCSNewsroom. For more information: 347-840-1242.

© Published by Hernan Porras Molina – EntornoInteligente.com

Visite también